MYER BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR (MBTI) - THE TEST AND ITS USEFULNESS IN THE WORKPLACE
MBTI Myer Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is one of the world's most popular and used personality tests. It is based on how people prefer to act and is based on the psychiatrist Carl Gustaf Jung's theories about different psychological types. The test was developed in the 1940s by the two American psychologists Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs.
I. What is MBTI test used for?
In addition to being used for personal development, the test can also be useful in gaining knowledge about how differences between people can be utilized in the best way in the workplace.
This means, for example, that a number of misunderstandings and conflicts can be avoided. By creating an understanding of how the different personality types work, you can therefore improve both communication and more easily solve the problems that arise.
The Myer Briggs test is simply a good tool to use when it comes to conflict management. In addition, it can also be used in a number of different situations - this for example when it comes to making different decisions.
When it comes to groups, the test result can mean that the characteristics of the different group members are utilized in a better way. Among other things, you see what each person's strengths are.
The test also works well as a guide to different leadership styles and when it comes to treating people with different personality styles.
In work situations, the Myer Briggs test can thus be of great benefit. We write more about that below. But it should still be added that one usually avoids using the test in recruitment contexts because there is no support that the test can predict, for example, work performance.
II. How is the test structured?
The Myer Briggs Indicator test is built around four scales, so-called dimensions. On each scale, there are two opposite answer options. These different options are usually called preferences.
What the test produces are the four different preferences. These are indicated as letters that form so - called personality types. For example, a person may be INFJ, which stands for Introversion, Intuition, Feeling and Assessment. Another personality type is ESTP, which stands for Extraversion, Sense Perception, Thought and Perception.
The relationship between these different preferences is, among other things, of great importance for what the dynamics of the personality look like. Two people who share four of the so-called preferences tend to agree better than people who share only one or two preferences.
III. The four different preferences
The different opposite alternatives in the test thus consist of several possible letter combinations that consist of the different preferences.
Which preference the person in question chooses also depends on the situation, but the person never has two preferences on the same scale at the same time.
The eight preferences that the test looks at are whether the person is governed by:
- Extraversion or Introversion.
- Sense Perception or Intuition.
- Thought and Feeling.
- Judgment and Perception.
Below we explain what these mean in more detail.
1. Extraversion (E) and Introversion (I)
This dimension is about where the person gets energy from.
E stands for the person's attention and interest is mainly directed towards people and things in the external world. Extroverted people like social contexts. They also like to brainstorm ideas with other people.
You stand for the fact that the attention and interest is mainly directed towards ideas in one's own inner world. By visualizing ideas and different concepts for themselves, the introvert takes energy.
Even though you might think so, this dimension is not about social competence. On the other hand, it shows how good we are at communicating.
2. Sensory perception (S) and Intuition (N)
This dimension is about how we collect information. It also tells us what information we trust the most.
S stands for the perception of the world directly through the five senses: sight, hearing, feeling, smell and taste. The person is then focused on the situation that prevails here and now, and prefers information that is concrete. For example, the person may want to know what will be the consequence of a particular action.
You mean that the perception of the world takes place indirectly, that is, that it is based on subconscious processes. The person focuses on different possibilities and prefers information that is theoretical and changeable. This means, for example, that the person is aware that there are different perspectives and ways of looking at the matter in question.
3. Thought (T) and Feeling (F)
This dimension is about how we make decisions.
T stands for logical decision-making. The person assesses how different things work, and also thinks about the advantages and disadvantages that a certain decision entails.
F stands for a subjective and evaluative decision-making. The person thinks about values and personal principles, and wants the decision and the personal values to be consistent.
4. Judgement (J) and Perception (P)
This dimension is about how we handle the outside world and how we live our lives there.
J stands for the external world is handled through assessment. The person organizes, structures and plans.
P stands for the external world is handled through perception. The person is spontaneous and flexible.
According to these letter combinations, there are sixteen different combinations that make up the different personality types. Each of the personality types has its strengths and weaknesses, while also behaving differently in the workplace. We write about this further down.
Myer Briggs test in the workplace
When it comes to career issues, the Myer Briggs test can be useful. Among other things, it is easier to choose a career path with the help of the test. As a rule, people apply unconsciously or consciously for the jobs that suit their personality type. Although all letters / preferences in the test affect the choice of work, it is the middle letters (ST, SF, NF or NT) that affect the choice the most.
Constantly learning new things is often part of many people's work today. What personality type each one has also affects the way we prefer to learn things. Extroverted people, for example, often prefer to learn things by talking to others, while introverted people often prefer a learning environment where they themselves can reflect on the learning task.
In other words, there are several different ways to learn things - and no method is better than another. But by respecting everyone's learning style, learning will be so much more effective.
Many different personality types are usually represented in a workplace. Knowing the difference between them improves communication, which in itself makes the members of the working group work more efficiently. In the end, this usually leads to satisfied customers.
If you know the different personality types in the Myer Briggs test, it is also easier to adapt your leadership style, while the conflicts that arise can be resolved more easily. When a person understands their own personality type, it also becomes easier to manage their own time. At the same time, it becomes clearer what place in the group you have.
IV. MBTI: The 16 personality types
1. ISTJ - The duty fulfiller
The personality type ISTJ is usually reliable and sensible, at the same time as the person in question attaches great importance to details. An ISTJ is accurate and realistic.
Strengths: Because people who belong to this personality type are well organized, they like to work according to clear guidelines. They are often also focused on the task itself.
Weaknesses: This personality type can sometimes be considered a bit stiff and impersonal.
At work: An ISTJ prefers to work according to clear goals and realistic deadlines. To solve different kinds of tasks, the person uses fact-based information. As a rule, he or she prefers to work in traditionally organized workplaces, where everyone takes responsibility. Often this personality type has a management position, but he or she can just as easily work in administration, as a police officer or accountant.
2. ISFJ – The Nurturer
The personality type ISFJ is usually caring, understanding and friendly, while the person in question feels a great commitment to other people. She or he is usually well organized, practical, but also very loyal and dependent on others.
Strengths: An ISFJ is persistent and guided by its common sense and experience. She or he is responsible, loyal and enjoys helping others, especially when it comes to practical issues.
Weaknesses: A person with this personality type tends to be overly cautious. Sometimes the person is guided more by emotions than by logic when it comes to solving different kinds of problems. He or she often attaches great importance to what others think and feel.
At work: An ISFJ would like to feel that he or she belongs to the group community. It is important that you support each other in the workplace. An ISFJ also has a great sense of duty at the same time as he or she is loyal to his or her employer. You often find people with this personality type in the care professions, but the person can just as easily work as, for example, a social secretary. Many also apply for the secretarial profession.
3. INFJ – The Protector
The personality type INFJ usually shows great compassion, at the same time as the person has an ability to inspire others to grow and develop as human beings. It can be said that an INFJ is both an idealist and a visionary, but that he or she is also sensitive and reserved.
Strengths: An INFJ loves the role of visionary, where he or she can inspire others to achieve their goals.
Weaknesses: People with this personality type can sometimes be perceived as too individualistic. Their visions sometimes tend to be too unrealistic.
At work: An INFJ usually enjoys working for humanitarian organizations, while appreciating companies with great integrity. The person in question likes to design innovative solutions or services that others benefit from. Often this personality type works as a teacher or in the social services, but the person may just as well have an artistic profession.
4. INTJ - The Scientist
The personality type INTJ usually thinks strategically and takes the whole into account. The person is innovative, independent, while thinking logically. The person in question can sometimes be perceived as too demanding or too thoughtful.
Strengths: A person of this personality type is good at communicating long-term visions. He or she often comes up with solutions to complex problems
Weaknesses: Sometimes an INTJ can be perceived as a bit cold and absent when he or she is thinking about the task to be solved. Sometimes the person in question forgets to pay attention to the work that others contribute.
At work: An INTJ likes to be intellectually challenged and therefore often works in a task-oriented workplace where the drive forward is great. He or she enjoys working with other people who are experts in their field. Often an INTJ has a scientific or technical profession as an engineer, but the person can also work in the IT industry or with something that has to do with law and justice.
5. ISTP - The Mechanics
The personality type ISTP is usually calm, efficient and productive. The person in question is also open to new opportunities. An ISTP is analytical and practical, while at the same time thinking logically. The person in question is happy to adapt to others
Strengths: An ISTP likes to learn new things and works calmly and methodically until he or she knows the task perfectly. In crisis situations, a person with this type of personality remains calm, and can then easily make important decisions about what needs to be done.
Weaknesses: Because an ISTP focuses so much on what needs to be done here and now, they can easily lose focus on the whole and on what should be accomplished in the long run. It happens that an ISTP does not complete its work if it is required that he or she must cooperate with others.
At work: This personality type likes to analyze different kinds of problems that can arise in a crisis situation, for example. He or she prefers to work independently and usually prefers jobs that require analytical thinking. An ISTP often works as an engineer or surgeon, but he or she can just as easily work in something in agriculture
6. ISFP - The Artist
The personality type ISFP is usually sensitive and friendly. He or she takes into account the needs of others. The person in question is loyal and modest, while at the same time being easy to work with.
Strengths: An ISFP likes to offer others its help, for example when it comes to practical issues. She or he likes to feel community and encourages others to cooperate.
Weaknesses: Because an ISFP is sometimes less determined, he or she often has quite a bit to say in the workplace. For the sake of others, the person can sometimes have a hard time making tough decisions.
At work: An ISFP likes tasks that he or she feels are meaningful. The person in question likes to work in a workplace where colleagues support and care for each other. An ISFP often works in healthcare or with another service profession. It is not uncommon to find people with this personality type within the clergy.
7. INFP - The Idealist
The personality type INFP often lives a life where they follow their inner values and their inner compass. They also know what is important to others. Often a person with this personality type is both flexible and spontaneous, but the person may just as well be a withdrawn thinker. Not infrequently, an INFP has great imagination, at the same time as he or she believes in various development opportunities.
Strengths: An INFP likes to come up with creative solutions to different kinds of problems and he or she is guided by his or her moral values. Often the person thinks about helping other people grow and develop.
Weaknesses: People who belong to this personality type may have difficulty standing up for their cause and, for example, have the floor at meetings. This is often because the person in question thinks he or she has nothing to contribute.
At work: An INFP likes to teach things that make other people develop. Often an INFP is creative and expresses itself by writing or painting. She or he would like to work on something meaningful and it is important that others share the same values. Therefore, they often work with something in personal development or as writers or artists.
8. INTP - The Thinker
The personality type INTP is logical and analytical in the way, while the person is flexible. A person with this personality type often takes on new challenges. Often the person in question is independent and logical, but he or she can also be either skeptical or innovative.
Strengths: An INTP thinks strategically and is easy to understand complex problems. He or she has an ability to analyze difficult situations and come up with new and innovative solutions.
Weaknesses: Sometimes this type of personality is difficult for group work, especially when the person in question has to work with others who do not think as logically. It also happens that the person does not have a clear idea of where the work should lead, which means that they sometimes miss important details.
At work: People with this personality type often work in scientific or technical industries. Not infrequently, they are experts in their field. An INTP works best in a workplace where he or she can concentrate on the task in question without being interrupted. They usually do not like group work and do not want to waste time sitting in different meetings. An INTP often works as an architect and researcher, for example.
9. ESTP - The Doer
The personality type ESTP is energetic and energetic. The person in question is flexible and also likes to have fun at work. The person is usually analytical and outgoing, at the same time as he or she can also be logical and observant.
Strengths: An ESTP motivates others through its enthusiasm. He or she solves problems by relying on both his or her experience and common sense. The person quickly sees what is not working and then comes up with innovative solutions.
Weaknesses: People with this personality type are often time optimists, while they may lose interest in a task after a while. Because they are focused on the problems that exist here and now, they tend to forget the long-term problems that may exist. When it comes to social contacts with colleagues, this type of personality can often feel uncomfortable.
At work: An ESTP is a risk taker who can easily handle crises when they arise. He or she works best together with other task-oriented and enthusiastic colleagues who also place great focus on the ongoing project. An ESTP often works in the police force or the security service. But he or she is also happy to apply for jobs in agriculture, manufacturing or marketing.
10. ESFP - The Performer
The personality type ESFP is entertaining, social and takes life with a heel kick. The person in question is usually tolerant, spontaneous, resourceful and playful. She or he is also friendly and enthusiastic about herself.
Strengths: An ESFP tends to be flexible, friendly and very talkative. She or he usually likes life and movement and having a lot of people around her. This personality type likes new challenges and prefers to collaborate with others.
Weaknesses: Sometimes this personality type has a hard time meeting deadlines. He or she does not always complete the project that has begun. The person in question is also easily distracted.
At work: An ESFP likes to have fun at work. He or she is happy to collaborate with others. An ESFP best learns new things together with others. This type of personality likes jobs where he or she can take advantage of his or her social skills and where he or she can give others attention. An ESFP often works in the healthcare sector or as a teacher.
11. ENFP - The Inspirer
The personality type ENFP is energetic, while the person has an ability to motivate others. People with this personality type are friendly and expressive, while being innovative and resourceful.
Strengths: An ENFP easily tackles various projects. He or she often comes up with several possible solutions to problems that may arise. The person in question is stimulated by new tasks and by meeting new people.
Weaknesses: There is a risk that people with this personality type will not complete and complete their projects. Due to their great commitment, they also risk being burned out. The person in question may also have problems prioritizing.
At work: An ENFP likes workplaces where creative thinking and collaboration are best encouraged. He or she enjoys working with many different kinds of people and enjoys giving others support. An ENFP often works with coaching and personal development, but also professions of teachers or priests.
12. ENTP - The Visionary
The personality type ENTP thinks strategically, is flexible and enthusiastic. The person in question is theoretical, at the same time as he or she has great imagination.
Strengths: An ENTP is creative and often finds innovative solutions to problems that may arise. The person has an easy time seeing patterns. He or she enjoys developing new strategies and often sees new opportunities.
Weaknesses: It happens that a person with this personality type avoids making decisions. He or she can also come up with ideas that are not possible to implement due to, for example, lack of resources or time.
At work: An ENTP prefers to work in a workplace where development is progressing rapidly. They like when their own and creative thinking is encouraged and when there is room to think differently. The person likes to come up with technical solutions to problems and to sell new ideas to others. There are many career opportunities for an ENTP. She or he often works in a creative profession, in business management, in the financial sector or as an engineer.
13. ESTJ – The Guardian
The personality type ESTJ is analytical, goal-oriented, well-organized and easy to make decisions. The person in question is responsible and efficient, but can also be logical and realistic.
Strengths: An ESTJ is driven and usually meets the set goals. On his way to meeting the goals, he or she finds it easy to organize the work of others and make use of the resources available. An ESTJ is easy to make and often has a large network. At an ESTJ, competence is highly valued.
Weaknesses: In its pursuit of goals, an ESTJ sometimes ignores the ideas and feelings of others. He or she feels slightly uncomfortable in situations where everyone is required to agree. It happens that the person does not take the time to gather all the information needed before he or she takes action, which in itself means that new opportunities that have not already been planned for can be missed.
At work: An ESTJ likes to set goals and clear deadlines. He or she solves the problems that arise in a logical way. The person works best in a workplace where there are clear guidelines and roles for who should do what. An ESTJ often works as a police officer, with manufacturing or in any industry where technical know-how is required.
14. ESFJ - The Caregiver
The personality type ESFJ is a team player who likes close collaboration with others. The person in question likes to feel connected and solves problems with common sense as a guiding light. An ESFJ is often a warm person who is also social, supportive and well-organized.
Strengths: An ESFJ is usually a social and understanding person who also shows appreciation for the work of others. He or she likes efficiency and gathers all the information needed to make a good decision.
Weaknesses: It happens that people who belong to this personality type are unnecessarily influenced by what others think when it is time to make a decision. They may also find it difficult to adapt their work tasks to new opportunities that arise along the way. There is also a risk that an ESFJ will all too easily accept the decisions made by management.
At work: An ESFJ works best in an environment where there is a great deal of consensus between the various employees. An ESFJ often sees its colleagues as a kind of family. The person in question often likes to communicate with customers and provide good service. The person in question is happy to work in childcare, care or as a teacher. Some also work within the church.
15. ENFJ – The Giver
The personality type ENFJ is caring, inspiring and empathetic. The person in question is usually warm and supportive at the same time as he or she is willing to cooperate with others. An ENFJ is also well-organized, while at the same time having the ability to persuade others.
Strengths: An ENFJ is someone who has the ability to make the best of the group work. She or he works closely with his colleagues, and also thinks about what is best for others in the group when decisions are to be made. An ENFJ is simply a good leader who inspires others.
Weaknesses: People with this personality type often talk a lot. They can easily lose their appetite if they do not get feedback from their colleagues. An ENFJ expects the others in the group to contribute as much as he or she does. It may be that an ENFJ has difficulty managing conflicts. Sometimes he or she forgets to take into account the facts that prevail when making a decision.
At work: An ENFJ likes to help others develop new knowledge and abilities. He or she is structured and usually meets deadlines. An ENFJ works best in a harmonious workplace where cooperation is encouraged. He or she likes to work together towards set goals. This personality type often works with counseling or as a teacher, but they also thrive in the healthcare sector or the church.
16. ENTJ - The Executive
The personality type ENTJ is driven, well-organized and determined. An ENTJ is an obvious leader. He or she is structured, strategic and questionable.
Strengths: An ENTJ looks at the whole and thinks strategically. He or she also has the ability to organize people's work in the best way, which means that long-term goals can be achieved. The person in question does not mind exercising strong leadership over others.
Weaknesses: Sometimes an ENTJ can overlook what others are contributing to the workplace, while at the same time forgetting the needs of their colleagues. Because they themselves are strongly driven, there is also a risk that they drive others forward just as hard.
At work: An ENTJ is not afraid to make difficult decisions. He or she likes to solve big and overarching problems. The person in question works best in a fast-growing workplace where there is also great competition between employees. She or he also likes new challenges. Often the person in question has a leadership position.
From the above 4 criteria, we have different 16 characteristics in MBTI test. Name of each group have 4 letters, represents for 4 criteria to classify.
Extroversion – Introversion
Sensing – Intuition
Thinking – Feeling
Judging – Perceiving
Each category of 4 groups combines together makes the different 16 group in MBTI test:
like theory and believe that everything can be analyzed and improved, so they don't care about the real world and other practical things - they think it is less exciting compared to ideas or the pursuit of knowledge.
are quick-minded and unique, which gives them a great advantage in debates, academia, and politics, but they also tend to do very well in many other areas that require the willingness to challenge existing ideas and organize many arguments.
are people of the principles, traditions, stability, and they feel the need to engage with something - it can be a family, a community or some other social group; so they like the "organization" of other people and make sure that they will abide by traditional rules or given by competent people.
are often considered to be very clever and mysteriously confusing, so they often radiate confidence, based on their vast repository of knowledge including many different areas and areas.
are often considered calm and reserved, however, the fire and passion inside them are great, unlike other types of personalities, they are really affectionate and compassionate.
is the most selfless kind of personality, therefore they often seek careers in academic, medical, social work or counseling; they also shine in administrative and office positions, or even in somewhat unexpected areas such as interior design.
is a type of personality that has great influence because they are often very charismatic and eloquent, take care of people sincerely, easily communicate their ideas and opinions to people around them.
are often very curious, idealistic and quite mysterious because they seek meaning and are really interested in the motives of others, so they find life is vast and there are many complex riddles in where everything is connected.
is the most popular personality type, they are truth-oriented, respect the facts, and tend to absorb a lot of information and remember them for a long time.
possess many interesting traits, often very rational and logical thinking, but can also surprise people by suddenly becoming more spontaneous and enthusiastic.
are often referred to as the most spontaneous and unpredictable of all introverted types, so their dominant feature is variability.
are very collective, spontaneous, straightforward, love to act and always jump right to the core of the problem, so they don't like theoretical debates or thinking about the future - they just focus on the present moment and put all their efforts on the things they like.